The 2017 HIV Sentinel Survey (HSS) and Estimates Report which was jointly released by the National AIDS and STI Control Programme (NACP), and it shows the capital Accra and Ashanti Region as the areas with the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence.
With the Greater Accra and Ashanti Regions currently having the highest HIV rates in the country, it means that the two regions have ‘overthrown’ Brong Ahafo and Volta Regions which were champions in 2016.
HIV prevalence among the young ladies and gentlemen aged 15 to 24 has seen an increase of about 1.5% compared to 1.1% in 2016. The prevalence among the above population is the proxy for new infections.
This report was contained in the about 18,711 samples which were collected nationwide for the report and drawn from 40 sentinel sites strategically located at 17 rural sites, 23 urban sites and 69 antenatal clinics within a period of four months, spanning September to December 2017.
The Greater Accra and Ashanti regions are currently having the highest HIV rates in the country.
The two regions both had 3.2 per cent while the Northern Region had the lowest rate of 0.6 per cent. They were followed by the Western Region with 2.4%, and Volta Region occupying the fourth position with 2.3%, losing its ‘first position’ from last year.
The report also placed Eastern Region at the fifth position; Brong Ahafo, sixth; Central, seventh, and Upper West and Upper East taking the eighth and ninth positions respectively.
The regional prevalence rate ranged from 3.2 per cent in the Greater Accra and Ashanti regions (the highest) to 0.6 per cent in the Northern Region (the lowest).
According to the report, site HIV prevalence also ranged from 0.2 per cent in the Afram Plains (representing the rural areas) to 5.2 per cent in Obuasi (urban areas), with the city median about 2.5 per cent higher, compared to the 1.0 per cent in rural locations.
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